Động từ bất quy tắc trong tiếng Anh


       Động từ bất quy tắc trong tiếng Anh (English Irregular Verbs) là các động từ không có quy tắc khi dùng nó để chia các thì quá khứ, quá khứ hoàn thành, hiện tại hoàn thành.

English Irregular Verbs

       Trong tiếng anh, động từ bất quy tắc được thể hiện trong bản danh sách đầy đủ gồm hơn 600 động từ bất quy tắc, trong đó có một nhóm các động từ quy tắc thông dụng mà thường xuyên sử dụng đến.

Danh sách đầy đủ hơn 600 Động từ bất quy tắc trong tiếng Anh (English Irregular Verbs)





STT Động Từ Quá khứ (Past Simple – V2) Quá khứ phân từ (Past Participle – V3) Nghĩa chinh tiếng Anh Nghĩa chính tiếng Việt
1 abide Abode/Abided Abode/Abided/Abidden To continue. To reside\live lưu trú, lưu lại
2 aby/abey Abought Abought To make amends for something wrong
3 alight Alit/Alighted Alit/Alighted To get off a bus, train, etc.
4 arise Arose Arisen To originate. To get up from horizontal position, out of bed To come into existence phát sinh
5 awake Awoke Awoken To stop sleeping and become conscious đánh thức, thức
6 backbite Backbit Backbitten To speak badly about someone
7 backfit Backfit Backfit To fit new parts into an older machine that weren’t available when the machine was made
8 backlight Backlit Backlit To illuminate from behind (photography)
9 backslide Backslid Backslid/Backslidden To stop making progress and start regressing
10 be Was/Were Been To exist, live or occur. To have as a quality or a state An auxiliary verb thì, là, bị. ở
11 bear Bore Born/Borne To carry To tolerate. To give birth to mang, chịu dựng
12 beat Beat Beaten To hit repeatedly
13 become Became Become To come into existence trở nên
14 bedight Bedight/Bedighted Bedight/Bedighted To adorn, decorate
15 befall Befell Befallen To happen. To happen to somebody or something xảy đến
16 beget Begot/Begat Begotten To cause something to happen To procreate
17 begin Began Begun To start something bắt đầu
18 begird Begirt/Begirded Begirt To encircle
19 behight Behight Behight/Behoten To promise or vow To order
20 behold Beheld Beheld To become conscious of by seeing ngắm nhìn
21 belay Belaid/Belayed Belaid/Belayed To secure a boat with a rope To tie up
22 bend Bent Bent To curve something by distorting its shape bẻ cong
23 bereave Bereft Bereft/Bereaved To lose a relative through their death To deprive
24 beseech Besought/Beseeched Besought/Beseeched To ask someone very insistently to do something
25 beset Beset Beset To be restricted and occupied by difficulties.To be a signal or symbol of something To set aside or reserve something bao quanh
26 bespeak Bespoke Bespoken To ask for chứng tỏ
27 bestrew Bestrewed Bestrewed/Bestrewn To cover a surface by throwing things about randomly
28 bestride Bestrode Bestridden To sit or stand with one leg on either side of something
29 bet Bet Bet To risk money against the result of a future event
30 betake Betook Betaken To go to a place
31 bethink Bethought Bethought To think about something To remind yourself
32 beweep Bewept Bewept To cry for or over someone or something
33 bid Bid Bid To make an offer of money or services trả giá
34 bid Bade Bidden To command or urge someone to do something trả giá
35 bide Bided/Bode Bided To wait for To tolerate To withstand
36 bind Bound Bound To tie something with string, or similar, to hold it buộc, trói
37 bite Bit Bitten To cut or hold with teeth
38 blaw Blawed Blawn To blow
39 bleed Bled Bled To lose blood through a cut in the skin chảy máu
40 blend Blended/Blent Blended/Blent To mix together
41 bless Blessed/Blest Blessed/Blest To wish or confer happiness To make holy
42 blow Blew Blown To move air, wind and gases thổi
43 bottle-feed Bottle-fed Bottle-fed To feed a baby with a bottle
44 bowstring Bowstrung/Bowstringe d Bowstrung To strangle with the string from a bow
45 break Broke Broken To cause something to separate into at least two pieces đập vỡ
46 breast-feed Breast-fed Breast-fed To feed a baby with breast milk
47 breed Bred Bred To produce animals or plants by controlling their reproduction nuôi, dạy dỗ
48 bring Brought Brought To carry or convey something to the place where you are going mang đến
49 broadcast Broadcast/Broadcasted Broadcast/Broadcasted To transmit radio or TV signals phát thanh
50 browbeat Browbeat Browbeat/Browbeaten To put pressure on someone or bully them to do something
51 build Built Built To construct xây dựng
52 burn Burnt/Burned Burnt/Burned To consume or be consumed by fire đốt, cháy
53 burst Burst Burst To break something open, usually by internal pressure, such as a balloon with too much air in it
54 bust Bust Bust To break
55 buy Bought Bought To acquire something in exchange for money mua
56 cast Cast Cast To throw or project something. To receive ném, tung
57 catch Caught Caught To stop and hold a moving object, usually with your hands.To make something unable to escape bắt, chụp
58 cheerlead Cheerled Cheerled To cheer and support a team in an organised group
59 chide Chid Chid/Chidden To tell somebody off when they have done something wrong mắng chửi
60 choose Chose Chosen To select chọn, lựa
61 clap Clapped/Clapt Clapped/Clapt To hit your hands together to make a sound to show approval.To make a loud noise, like thunder
62 clear-cut Clear-cut Clear-cut To cut down all trees in an area
63 cleave Cleft/Cleaved/Clove Cleft/Cleaved/Cloven To separate or divide something, often with force. To stick or hold together chẻ, tách hai
64 cleek Claught/Claucht/Cleek ed Cleeked To grasp or take hold of
65 clepe Cleped Cleped/Ycleped/Yclept To call or name
66 cling Clung Clung To hold on to or to stick to
67 clothe Clad/Clothed Clad/Clothed To dress someone or provide them with clothes
68 colorbreed Colorbred Colorbred To breed an animal to be of a particular color
69 colorcast Colorcast Colorcast To broadcast in color
70 come Came Come To move towards or to arrive at a specified place, time or situation đến, đi đến
71 cost Cost Cost The amount of money required to buy something; it costs five dollars. có giá là
72 cost-cut Cost-cut Cost-cut To redcuce costs or expenditure
73 counterdraw Counterdrew Counterdrawn To copy by tracing
74 counterlight Counterlit Counterlit To light something directly from opposite sides
75 cowrite Cowrote Cowritten To write with someone
76 crash-dive Crash-dived/Crash- dove Crash-dived To go down very quickly
77 creep Crept Crept To move along the ground lying down
78 creep-feed Creep-fed Creep-fed To feed young animals in a special area that adult animals can’t get in
79 crib-bite Crib-bit Crib-bitten To bite its manger and swallow air (of a horse)
80 cross-bite Cross-bit Cross-bitten To thwart or stop something happening by deception
81 cross-string Cross-strung Cross-strung To place bass strings on a piano across the treble strings
82 crossbreed Crossbred Crossbred To breed animals or plants of different species, like a mule, which is a crossbreed of a donkey and a horse
83 crosscut Crosscut Crosscut To move between scenes or stories in a film or narrative
84 crosslight Crosslit Crosslit To illuminate from different sides, but not directly opposite
85 crow Crowed/Crew Crowed To boast. To utter a sound indicating pleasure gáy (gà)
86 cut Cut Cut To break the surface of something with a knife or similar tool cắt, chặt
87 dare Dared/Durst Dared To have sufficient courage
88 daydream Daydreamt/Daydream t Daydreamt/Daydreamt To have dream-like thoughts when a wake To have a fantasy
89 deal Dealt Dealt To distribute, especially playing cards in games giao thiệp
90 deep-freeze Deep-froze Deep-frozen To freeze or store frozen. To suspend progress or activity
91 dig Dug Dug To make a hole in the ground dào
92 dight Dight/Dighted Dight/Dighted To dictate orders
93 dispread Dispread Dispread To spread out
94 disprove Disproved Disproven/Disproved To prove that something is fale or wrong
95 dive Dived/Dove Dived To jump head first into water To fall quickly lặn; lao xuống
96 do Did Done To perform or carry out
97 dogfight Dogfought Dogfought To fight in aeroplanes. To arrange a fight between dogs for sport
98 dow Dought/Dowed Dought/Dowed To have the ability to do something To do well
99 draw Drew Drawn To make a picture using a pen or pencil vẽ; kéo
100 dream Dreamt/Dreamed Dreamt/Dreamed To see visual images while sleeping mơ thấy
101 drink Drank Drunk To consume liquids uống
102 drip-feed Drip-fed Drip-fed To feed someone with fluids going into the vein. To release information very slowly, bit by bit
103 drive Drove Driven To operate and control a car or other vehicle lái xe
104 dwell Dwelt Dwelt To reside or live somewhere trú ngụ, ở
105 eat Ate Eaten To consume solid food ăn
106 end-run End-ran End-run To avoid doing something by cheating or deceit
107 engird Engirt Engirt To encircle, encompass
108 engrave Engraved Engraved/Engraven To carve letters or a pattern into the surface of something
109 enwind Enwound Enwound To make into a coil. To wrap around something
110 fall Fell Fallen To move downwards or to the ground ngã; rơi
111 farebeat Farebeat Farebeaten To avoid paying fares when using public transport
112 fast-cut Fast-cut Fast-cut To cut quickly from one scene to another in a film
113 feed Fed Fed To give or supply food cho ăn; ăn; nuôi;
114 feel Felt Felt To sense by touch. To experience an emotion, or sensation cảm thấy
115 fight Fought Fought To try to hurt or kill someone in combat or war chiến đấu
116 find Found Found To discover something either by chance or when looking for it. To be the correct size, for clothes, etc. (fit/fit/fit) tìm thấy; thấy
117 fit Fit/Fitted Fit/Fitted To measure someone for size (fit fit/fitted/ fit/fitted)
118 flash-freeze Flash-froze Flash-frozen To freeze food very rapidly to preserve taste and nutrients
119 flee Fled Fled To run away in order to find safety chạy trốn
120 fling Flung Flung To throw or move something suddenly tung; quang
121 floodlight Floodlit Floodlit To use powerful lights to illuminate something outside at night
122 fly Flew Flown To move through the air To travel by aeroplane bay
123 flyblow Flyblew Flyblown To contaminate by laying eggs, the way a fly does
124 forbear Forbore Forborne/Forborn Not to use or talk about something nhịn
125 forbid Forbade/Forbad Forbidden To prohibit cấm đoán; cấm
126 force-feed Force-fed Force-fed To feed someone who refuses or doesn’t want to eat
127 fordo/foredo Fordid Fordone To ruin or destroy
128 forecast Forecast/Forecasted Forecast/Forecasted To predict the future tiên đoán
129 forefeel Forefelt Forefelt To have a feeling before something happens To have a premonition
130 forego Forewent Foregone To preceed something To go without something
131 foreknow Foreknew Foreknown To know something beforehand
132 forerun Foreran Forerun To go before something. To show that something is going to happen
133 foresee Foresaw Foreseen To predict or see the future thấy trước
134 foreshow Foreshowed Forshowed/Foreshown To show something or make it known beforehand. To foretell
135 forespeak Forespoke Forespoken To predict. To speak of something beforehand
136 foretell Foretold Foretold To predict the future đoán trước
137 forget Forgot Forgotten To be unable to remember something quên
138 forgive Forgave Forgiven To pardon or stop being angry with someone who has offended you tha thứ
139 forlese Forlore Forlorn To lose completely
140 forsake Forsook Forsaken To give something up To abandon ruồng bỏ
141 forswear Forswore Forsworn To make a false promise or oath
142 fraught Fraught/Fraughted Fraught/Fraughted To stock. To load a ship, etc To hire a ship, etc
143 free-fall Free-fell Free-fallen To drop or fall suddenly. To fall through the air without opening a parachute
144 freeze Froze Frozen To make liquids into solids by cold temperatures. To store food below zero degrees centigrade (làm) đông lại
145 frostbite Frostbit Frostbitten To injure or damage part of the body through extreme cold
146 gainsay Gainsaid Gainsaid To contradict or deny
147 geld Gelded/Gelt Gelded/Gelt To castrate an animal
148 get Got Got/Gotten To obtain, catch or receive có được
149 ghostwrite Ghostwrote Ghostwritten To write for someone else, who will put their name as the author
150 gild Gilt/Gilded Gilt/Gilded To cover something with a thin layer of gold mạ vàng
151 gin Gan Gan To begin something
152 gird Girded/Girt Girded/Girt To secure or encirle something with a belt or bend đeo vào
153 give Gave Given To offer something as a present cho
154 gnaw Gnawed Gnawed/Gnawn To bite or chew. To cause worry
155 go Went Gone/Been To travel to a place đi
156 grave Graved Graven/Graved To dig To carve. To fix in the memory
157 grind Ground Ground To break something into a powder nghiền; xay
158 grow Grew Grown To increase in size mọc; trồng
159 hagride Hagrode Hagridden To torment or cause nightmares
160 halterbreak Halterbroke Halterbroken To break a horse in, to get it used to wearing a halter
161 hamstring Hamstrung/Hamstring ed Hamstrung/Hamstringed To make things difficult for someone doing something
162 hand-feed Hand-fed Hand-fed To give food by hand
163 hand-ride Hand-rode Hand-ridden To control an animal by hand
164 handsew Handsewed Handsewn/Handsewed To sew by hand
165 handwrite Handwrote Handwritten To write with a pen or pencil rather than a word processor
166 hang Hung/Hanged Hung/Hanged To suspend from a support. To execute someone by supending them by the neck móc lên; treo lên
167 have Had Had To possess To do. An auxiliary verb
168 hear Heard Heard To detect or perceive sound nghe
169 heave Heaved/Hove Heaved/Hove To lift something heavy. To throw something heavy trục lên
170 hew Hewed Hewn To cut things into pieces
171 hide Hid Hidden To conceal or put something where it cannot be seen giấu; trốn; nấp
172 hight Hote/Hight Hoten To name To promise. To command
173 hit Hit Hit To touch somebody or something with force đụng
174 hoise Hoised/Hoist Hoised/Hoist To hoist or lift
175 hoist Hoist/Hoisted Hoist/Hoisted To raise or lift using ropes, etc
176 hold Held Held To secure something in your hand To contain
177 house-sit House-sat House-sat To stay in someone’s house to look after it while they are away
178 housebreak Housebroke Housebroken To train an animal to live in a house
179 hurt Hurt Hurt To cause pain, injury or stress. To experience pain, injury or stress làm đau
180 inbreed Inbred Inbred To produce babies with health problems by sexual relations between close relatives
181 indwell Indwelt Indwelt To inhabit. To exist as a guiding principle
182 inhold Inheld Inheld To have as an inherent characteristic
183 inlay Inlaid Inlaid To put a different material inside another for decoration, with a flat surface cẩn; khảm
184 input Input/Inputted Input/Inputted To enter data into a computer đưa vào (máy điện toán)
185 inset Inset Inset To put a picture or graphic inside a lerger one dát; ghép
186 interblend Interblended/Interblen t Interblended/Interblent To blend things together
187 interbreed Interbred Interbred To mix species or groups sexually
188 intercut Intercut Intercut To move between different scenes or stories in a film or narrative
189 intergrave Intergraved Intergraved/Intergraven To carve or engrave in alternate sections
190 interlay Interlaid Interlaid To place among or between things
191 interset Interset Interset To set among or between things
192 interweave Interwove Interwoven To join or mix together
193 interwind Interwound Interwound To wind together or intertwine
194 inweave Inwove/Inweaved Inwoven/Inweaved To weave things together
195 inwind Inwound Inwound To wrap or coil around
196 jerry-build Jerry-built Jerry-built To build something cheaply and badly
197 keep Kept Kept To have possession. To make somebody or something stay in a particular place giữ
198 ken Kent/Kenned Kent/Kenned To know
199 kneel Knelt/Kneeled Knelt/Kneeled To support yourself on your knees quỳ
200 knit Knit/Knitted Knit/Knitted To make clothes such as pullovers out of wool đan
201 know Knew Known To be acquainted with. To have correctly in your memory biết; quen biết
202 lade Laded Laden/Laded To load (put goods onto) a ship
203 landslide Landslid/Landslided Landslid/Landslided To win a convincing and easy victory in an election
204 lay Laid Laid To put something in a horizontal position đặt; để
205 lead Led Led To take someone somewhere or guide them To be in command dẫn dắt; lãnh đạo
206 lean Leant/Leaned Leant/Leaned To place something at an incline for support against something
207 leap Leapt/Leaped Leapt/Leaped To jump nhảy; nhảy qua
208 learn Learnt/Learned Learnt/Learned To acquire knowledge học; được biết
209 leave Left Left To go out of a place ra đi; để lại
210 lend Lent Lent To give somebody money that must be returned cho mượn (vay)
211 lep Lept Lept To leap
212 let Let Let To allow something to happen. To allow someone to do something cho phép; để cho
213 lie Lay Lain To get into or be in a horizontal position nằm
214 light Lit Lit To make something burn thắp sáng
215 linebreed Linebred Linebred Breed animals from a particular family
216 lip-read Lip-Read Lip-Read To work out what someone is saying from the movements of their mouth
217 lose Lost Lost Not to have something because you do not know where it is làm mất; mất
218 make Made Made To create or construct something. To cause somebody to do something To perform an action chế tạo; sản xuất
219 mean Meant Meant To signify To intend có nghĩa là
220 meet Met Met To make somebody’s acquaintance. To be in the same place as somebody gặp mặt
221 melt Melted Molten/Melted To change from solid into a liquid as the temperature goes up
222 misbecome Misbecame Misbecome Not to suit
223 miscast Miscast Miscast To choose the wrong actor for a role
224 mischoose Mischose Mischosen To choose wrongly
225 miscut Miscut Miscut To cut something wrongly or badly
226 misdeal Misdealt Misdealt To distribute playing cards wrongly in a game
227 misdo Misdid Misdone To harm or injure
228 misfall Misfell Misfallen To happen unluckily
229 misfeed Misfed Misfed To feed incorrectly. To jam printers, photocpiers, etc, by feeding the paper incorrectly
230 misgive Misgave Misgiven To become suspicious or worried
231 mishear Misheard Misheard To hear something incorrectly
232 mishit Mishit Mishit To hit a ball badly or inaccurately
233 misknow Misknew Misknown To have the wrong idea about something
234 mislay Mislaid Mislaid To lose or put something where you cannot find it để lạc mất
235 mislead Misled Misled To make someone behave wrongly To deceive
236 mislearn Mislearnt/Mislearned Mislearnt/Mislearned To learn wrongly
237 misread Misread Misread To read something incorrectly đọc sai
238 missay Missaid Missaid To say something incorrectly To talk badly about someone
239 missend Missent Missent To send to the wrong place or person
240 misset Misset Misset To set or place wrongly or incorrectly
241 misspeak Misspoke Misspoken To say or pronounce something wrongly. To say something that is incorrect or inaccurate
242 misspell Misspelt/Misspelled Misspelt/Misspelled To write a word without using the correct letters viết sai chính tả
243 misspend Misspent Misspent To waste time or money
244 misswear Misswore Missworn To swear or make an oath falsely
245 mistake Mistook Mistaken Not to understand. To confuse somebody with someone else phạm lỗi, lầm lẫn
246 misteach Mistaught Mistaught To teach wrongly or incorrectly
247 mistell Mistold Mistold To tell something wrongly
248 misthink Misthought Misthought To have mistaken thoughts or ideas
249 misunderstand Misunderstood Misunderstood Not to understand hiểu lầm
250 miswear Misswore Misworn To wear badly
251 miswed Miswed/Miswedded Miswed/Miswedded To marry wrongly
252 miswrite Miswrote Miswritten To write something incorrectly
253 mow Mowed Mown To cut grass or cereals cắt cỏ
254 naysay Naysaid Naysaid To oppose or criticise
255 nose-dive Nose-dived/Nose-dove Nose-dived/Nose-dove To dive or plunge nose first (aircraft)
256 offset Offset Offset To compenaste or counterbalance
257 outbid Outbid Outbid To offer more money than someone in an auction or sale trả hơn giá
258 outbreed Outbred Outbred To breed faster than others
259 outdo Outdid Outdone To do better than someone làm giỏi hơn
260 outdraw Outdrew Outdrawn To pull out. To pull a gun faster than an opponent
261 outdrink Outdrank Outdrunk To drink more than someone else, usually alcohol
262 outdrive Outdrove Outdriven To drive faster or better
263 outfight Outfought Outfought To fight better than someone
264 outfly Outflew Outflown To fly faster or further
265 outgrow Outgrew Outgrown To grow faster than something or someone To become too big or mature for something lớn nhanh hơn
266 outlay Outlaid Outlaid To spend money for a particular purpose
267 outleap Outleapt/Outleaped Outleapt/Outleaped To jump or leap further or higher
268 output Output/Outputted Output/Outputted To put out or produce cho ra (dữ kiện)
269 outride Outrode Outridden To ride faster than someone
270 outrun Outran Outrun To run or go faster than someone chạy nhanh hơn; vượt quá
271 outsee Outsaw Outseen To see further. To have greater foresight
272 outsell Outsold Outsold To sell more than something or someone bán nhanh hơn
273 outshine Outshone Outshone To be better than someone
274 outshoot Outshot Outshot To shoot faster or better
275 outsing Outsang Outsung To sing better or louder than someone
276 outsit Outsat Outsat To sit for longer than someone
277 outsleep Outslept Outslept To sleep for longer than someone
278 outsmell Outsmelt/Outsmelled Outsmelt/Outsmelled To have a better sense of smell
279 outspeak Outspoke Outspoken To speak better or more than someone
280 outspeed Outsped Outsped To go faster than someone or something
281 outspend Outspent Outspent To spend more than someone
282 outspin Outspun Outspun To finish or die
283 outspring Outsprang Outsprung To spring or jump out
284 outstand Outstood Outstood To be clearly different or better
285 outswear Outswore Outsworn To exceed someone in swearing- oaths or bad language
286 outswim Outswam Outswum To swim faster or further than someone
287 outtell Outtold Outtold To be better or exceed in telling or calculating
288 outthink Outthought Outthought To think better ideas than someone
289 outthrow Outthrew Outthrown To throw further or more accurately
290 outwear Outwore Outworn To last longer (of materials, clothes, etc)
291 outwind Outwound Outwound To unloose
292 outwork Outworked/Outwrought Outworked/Outwrough t To work harder or better
293 outwrite Outwrote Outwritten To be better at writing
294 overbear Overbore Overborne To use force or authority to control
295 overbid Overbid Overbid To bid more something is worth. To bid more than you can win in a card game
296 overblow Overblew Overblown To become subdued To blow away. To force too much
297 overbreed Overbred Overbred To breed too much so that features become excessive
298 overbuild Overbuilt Overbuilt To build too much, overdevelop
299 overbuy Overbought Overbought To buy too much. To pay too much
300 overcast Overcast Overcast To become cloudy. To sew with overcast stitiches (long slanting stitches)
301 overcome Overcame Overcome To master a problem or difficult situation To become helpless because of excessive emotions or physical difficulties khắc phục
302 overcut Overcut Overcut To cut down more trees than permitted
303 overdo Overdid Overdone To do something to excess To cook something too much
304 overdraw Overdrew Overdrawn To take money out of an account so that a negative balance results
305 overdrink Overdrank Overdrunk To drink too much
306 overdrive Overdrove Overdriven To drive or work something too hard
307 overeat Overate Overeaten To eat too much ăn quá nhiều
308 overfeed Overfed Overfed To give too much food
309 overfly Overflew Overflown To fly over a place bay qua
310 overgrow Overgrew Overgrown To grow too big or beyond a limit or boundary
311 overhang Overhung Overhung To be above something nhô lên trên, treo lơ lửng
312 overhear Overheard Overheard To hear something accidently that was not said to you nghe trộm
313 overlay Overlaid Overlaid To cover something with a layer phủ lên
314 overleap Overleapt/Overleaped Overleapt/Overleaped To jump over
315 overlearn Overlearnt/Overlearned Overlearnt/Overlearned To continue learning afer having reached a basic proficiency
316 overlie Overlay Overlain To lie on top of. To kill by lying on top of
317 overpass Overpast/Overpassed Overpast/Overpassed To cross, pass over
318 overpay Overpaid Overpaid To pay too much trả quá tiền
319 override Overrode Overridden To ride through an enemy’s country
320 overrun Overran Overrun To flood. To invade and take control tràn ngập
321 oversee Oversaw Overseen To observe people’s work to make sure that it is done properly trông nom
322 oversell Oversold Oversold To sell too much. To publicise too much
323 overset Overset Overset To overpower
324 oversew Oversewed Oversewn/Oversewed To sew two edges together with stitches overlapping both
325 overshoot Overshot Overshot To go past a limit đi quá đích
326 oversleep Overslept Overslept To sleep too late ngủ quên
327 oversow Oversowed Oversown/Oversowed To sow on land that has already be sown
328 overspeak Overspoke Overspoken To speak too long or use too many words
329 overspend Overspent Overspent To spend more than allowed or budgeted
330 overspill Overspilt/Overspilled Overspilt/Overspilled To spill over. To have a population that exceeds the space available
331 overspin Overspun Overspun To make something last too long
332 overspread Overspread Overspread To cover something
333 overspring Oversprang Oversprung To jump over
334 overstand Overstood Overstood Lose a sale of deal by sticking to a price or conditions unacceptable to the other party
335 overstrew Overstrewed Overstrewed/Overstrewn To sprinkle or strew something onto another thing
336 overstride Overstrode Overstridden To walk across or over. To walk faster than someone To dominate
337 overstrike Overstruck Overstruck To stamp a new value or inscription on a old coin
338 overstring Overstrung Overstrung To tie a string too tightly. To string piano bass strings across treble strings
339 overtake Overtook Overtaken To pass a vehicle that is going more slowly đuổi bắt kịp
340 overthink Overthought Overthought To think or plan too much
341 overthrow Overthrew Overthrown To remove someone forcibly from government or power lật đổ
342 overwear Overwore Overworn To wear something too much or often, or wear it out
343 overwind Overwound Overwound To wind a clock or something too much so it strains the spring
344 overwithhold Overwithheld Overwithheld To deduct too much tax from a payment or salary
345 overwrite Overwrote Overwritten To record data on top of existing data, erasing the original
346 partake Partook Partaken To take part in something or a part of something, usually food
347 pay Paid Paid To give somebody money in exchange for things or services trả (tiền)
348 pen Pent/Penned Pent/Penned To shut up or enclose in a cage, etc
349 pinch-hit Pinch-hit Pinch-hit To bat instead of a player in baseball, especially when a hit is needed
350 plead Pled/Pleaded Pled/Pleaded To tell a court that you are guilty or innocent. To ask for special treatment by authorities, etc.
351 potshot Potshot/Potshotted Potshot To shoot at random To criticise at random
352 practice-teach Practice-taught Practice-taught To teach as part of training
353 prebind Prebound Prebound To bind before
354 prebuild Prebuilt Prebuilt Prefabricate
355 precut Precut Precut To cut something before selling or assembling it
356 predo Predid Predone To do something before a certain time of stage
357 premake Premade Premade To make something before a time or stage
358 prepay Prepaid Prepaid To pay for something using it
359 presell Presold Presold To sell before a certain time
360 preset Preset Preset To arrange something before it is needed
361 preshrink Preshrank Preshrunk To shrink a fabric before selling it so that it will not become smaller when washed
362 presplit Presplit Presplit To split or divide before a certain time
363 price-cut Price-cut Price-cut To cut or reduce prices
364 proofread Proofread Proofread To read something checking carefully for mistakes
365 prove Proved Proven/Proved To demonstrate that something is true chứng minh(tỏ)
366 put Put Put To place something in a specific position đặt; để
367 quick-freeze Quick-froze Quick-frozen To freeze something rapidly
368 quit Quit Quit To stop doing something To resign from a job
369 rap Rapped/Rapt Rapped/Rapt To be very affected by strong emotion
370 re-prove Re-proved Re-proven/Re-proved To prove again
371 read Read Read To look at written words and understand them đọc
372 reave Reft/Reaved Reft/Reaved To deprive. To take by force
373 reawake Reawoke Reawoken/Reawaken To wake up again
374 rebid Rebid Rebid To bid again
375 rebind Rebound Rebound To cover a book again
376 rebroadcast Rebroadcast Rebroadcast To transmit something on televison or the radio again
377 rebuild Rebuilt Rebuilt To build something again xây dựng lại
378 recast Recast Recast To replace an actor or actress
379 recut Recut Recut To cut again or differently
380 redd Redd/Redded Redd/Redded To save or rescue
381 redeal Redealt Redealt To deal playing cards again
382 redo Redid Redone To do something again làm lại
383 redraw Redrew Redrawn To draw again. To change boundaries, frontiers, etc
384 reeve Rove/Reeved Rove/Reeved To gather together. To thread something through a hole
385 refit Refit Refit To repair a ship, plane or vehicle. To fit something again
386 regrind Reground Reground To grind again. To smooth worn engine parts
387 regrow Regrew Regrown To grow again
388 rehang Rehung Rehung To hang again or in a different position
389 rehear Reheard Reheard To hear something again
390 reknit Reknit/Reknitted Reknit/Reknitted To knit again. To join back together
391 relay Relaid Relaid To operate a system where things are replaced as they become used or tired
392 relearn Relearnt/Relearned Relearnt/Relearned To learn again
393 relight Relit/Relighted Relit/Relighted To light or start something burning again
394 remake Remade Remade To make something again, such as a new version of a film làm lại; chế tạo lại
395 rend Rent Rent To tear or rip toạc ra; xé
396 repay Repaid Repaid To pay somebody money owed hoàn tiền lại
397 reread Reread Reread To read again
398 rerun Reran Rerun To show a film again
399 resell Resold Resold To sell something again bán lại
400 resend Resent Resent To send something again
401 reset Reset Reset To put something back to the original way it was organised
402 resew Resewed Resewn/Reswed To sew again
403 reshoot Reshot Reshot To shoot a film scene again
404 resit Resat Resat To take an exam or test again
405 resow Resowed Resown/Resowed To sow again
406 respell Respelled/Respelt Respelled/Respelt To spell again
407 restring Restrung Restrung To fit new strings on a musical instrument or a bow
408 retake Retook Retaken Take again, especially exams and tests chiếm lại; tái chiếm
409 reteach Retaught Retaught To teach again
410 retear Retore Retorn To tear again, usually of injuries
411 retell Retold Retold To tell something again
412 rethink Rethought Rethought To think again
413 retread Retrod Retrodden To tread again. To cut new tread in a tyre
414 retrofit Retrofit/Retrofitted Retrofit/Retrofitted To fit new parts into an older machine that weren’t available when the machine was made
415 rewake Rewoke/Rewaked Rewoken/Rewaked To wake again
416 rewear Rewore Reworn To wear again
417 reweave Rewove/Reweaved Rewoven/Reweaved To weave again
418 rewed Rewed/Rewedded Rewed/Rewedded To marry again
419 rewet Rewet/Rewetted Rewet/Rewetted To wet again
420 rewin Rewon Rewon To win again
421 rewind Rewound Rewound To put a cassette or video back to the beginning
422 rewrite Rewrote Rewritten To write something again, usually with improvements viết lại
423 rid Rid/Ridded Rid/Ridded To dispose of giải thoát
424 ride Rode Ridden To travel by horse, bike or motorbike cưỡi
425 ring Rang Rung To telephone. To make sounds with a bell rung chuông
426 rise Rose Risen To move upwards đứng dậy; mọc
427 rive Rived Riven/Rived To break apart ot split
428 rough-hew Rough-hewed Rough-hewn To make a rough version of something
429 roughcast Roughcast Roughcast To prepare a rough form of something
430 run Ran Run To move quickly, so that both legs leave the ground chạy
431 sand-cast Sand-cast Sand-cast To make a cast by pouring metal into a mold made of sand.
432 saw Sawed Sawn/Sawed To cut wood, etc, with a tool cưa
433 say Said Said To speak words nói
434 see Saw Seen To notice with your eyes nhìn thấy
435 seek Sought Sought To try to find something tìm kiếm
436 self-feed Self-fed Self-fed To feed itself without assistance
437 self-sow Self-sowed Self-sown/Self-sowed To sow itself without assistance
438 sell Sold Sold To receive money in exchange for goods bán
439 send Sent Sent To cause something to be taken to a specific destination, especially letters, message, etc. gửi
440 set Set Set To place something somewhere. To fix something in a particular position
441 sew Sewed Sewn/Sewed To join pieces of material together using thread may
442 shake Shook Shaken To vibrate. To make something vibrate lay; lắc
443 shave Shaved Shaven/Shaved To remove body hair
444 shear Shore/Sheared Shorn/Sheared To cut with scissors, especially wool from sheep xén lông cừu
445 shed Shed Shed To fall off or let something fall off; snakes shed their skin rơi; rụng
446 shend Shent Shent To shame or disgrace
447 shew Shewed Shewn/Shewed Show
448 shine Shone Shone To give off or reflect bright light chiếu sáng
449 shit Shat/Shit Shat/Shit To get rid of solid body waste
450 shoe Shod Shod To provide with shoes, especially horses
451 shoot Shot Shot To fire a bullet from a gun. To kill or hurt somebody with a gun bắn
452 shortcut Shortcut Shortcut To use a shorter or quicker way of going somehere or doing something
453 show Showed Shown To allow somebody to see something so that they can become aware of it cho xem
454 shrink Shrank Shrunk To become smaller. To make something smaller co rút
455 shrive Shrove Shriven To confess or listen to a confession, a religious term
456 shut Shut Shut To close something đóng lại
457 sidewind Sidewound Sidewound To move like the sidewinder snake
458 sight-read Sight-read Sight-read To read music
459 sightsee Sightsaw Sightseen To visit famous monuments, etc
460 sing Sang Sung To make music with your voice ca hát
461 sink Sank Sunk To move downwards in water. To make something move downwards in water chìm; lặn
462 sit Sat Sat To support your body with your buttocks not your feet, with the back in a vertical position as on a chair ngồi
463 skywrite Skywrote Skywritten To write in the sky with smoke
464 slay Slew Slain To kill sát hại; giết hại
465 sleep Slept Slept To be in a relaxed state with your eyes closed ngủ
466 slide Slid Slid/Slidden To move on a smooth surface, such as ice trượt; lướt
467 sling Slung Slung To throw something somewhere ném mạnh
468 slink Slunk Slunk To move in a suspicious and guilty way lẻn đi
469 slit Slit Slit To make a long thin cut in something
470 smell Smelt/Smelled Smelt/Smelled To detect odours with your nose To emit odours ngửi
471 smite Smote Smitten To hit đập mạnh
472 snapshoot Snapshot Snapshot Take a quick photograph
473 sneak Sneaked/Snuck Sneaked/Snuck To move around guiltily or to avoid being noticed
474 soothsay Soothsaid Soothsaid To predict the future
475 sow Sowed Sown To plant seeds in the ground to produce plants or cereals gieo; rải
476 speak Spoke Spoken To say words with your mouth To be able to use a language nói
477 speed Sped/Speeded Sped/Speeded To move quickly. To drive faster than legally permitted chạy vụt
478 spell Spelt/Spelled Spelt/Spelled To use the correct combination of letters for a word đánh vần
479 spellbind Spellbound Spellbound To put into a trance or captivate
480 spend Spent Spent To Use money to buy things. To use time or energy doimg something tiêu sài
481 spill Spilt/Spilled Spilt/Spilled To allow liquids out of their containers accidentally tràn đổ ra
482 spin Span/Spun Spun To turn repeatedly in circles around a fixed point. To make something turn repeatedly in circles quay sợi
483 spit Spat/Spit Spat/Spit To eject saliva, liquid or food from the mouth khạc nhổ
484 split Split Split To divide. To break open
485 spoil Spoilt/Spoiled Spoilt/Spoiled To let something go bad To go bad làm hỏng
486 spoonfeed Spoonfed Spoonfed To give someone information in small and very easy bits
487 spread Spread Spread To cover the surface of one thing with something else, like butter on bread lan truyền
488 spring Sprang Sprung To jump. To become active nhảy
489 stall-feed Stall-fed Stall-fed To feed or fatten an animal in a stall
490 stand Stood Stood To be in a vertical position with the weight on the feet. To get into this position đứng
491 stave Stove/Staved/Stoved Stove/Staved/Stoved To break a hole in something đâm thủng
492 steal Stole Stolen To take property or money that is not yours đánh cắp
493 stick Stuck Stuck To attach things with glue. To insert a sharp object into something ghim vào; đính
494 sting Stung Stung To feel pain caused by an insect or plant or in a particular part of the body châm ; chích; đốt
495 stink Stank Stunk To smell very badly bốc muìi hôi
496 straphang Straphung Straphung To hold a strap for support
497 strew Strewed Strewn/Strewed To distribute things randomly over a surface rắc , rải
498 stride Strode/Strided Stridden To walk confidently bước sải
499 strike Struck Struck/Stricken To stop working as a protest about working conditions To hit đánh đập
500 string Strung Strung To attach something using a cord gắn dây vào
501 strip Stript/Stripped Stript/Stripped To undress. To remove the covering of something
502 strive Strove Striven To try very hard to do something cố sức
503 sublet Sublet Sublet To rent something you have rented
504 sunburn Sunburned/Sunburnt Sunburned/Sunburnt To get red skin from being in the sun for too long
505 swear Swore Sworn To use words which are regarded as offensive To promise tuyên thệ
506 sweat Sweat/Sweated Sweat/Sweated To perspire
507 sweep Swept/Sweeped Swept/Sweeped To clean floors using a brush quét
508 swell Swelled Swollen To increase in size usually by filling with liquids or gases phồng ; sưng
509 swim Swam Swum To travel in water by moving your arms and legs bơi; lội
510 swing Swung Swung To move from side to side from a fixed point đong đưa
511 swink Swank/Swonk Swonken To work, toil or labour
512 switch-hit Switch-hit Switch-hit To bat right-handed against a left-handed bowler, or vice versa, in baseball
513 take Took Taken To perform an action To acquire cầm ; lấy
514 teach Taught Taught To instruct or train somebody dạy ; giảng dạy
515 team-teach Team-taught Team-taught To teach with more than one teacher for the class or group
516 tear Tore Torn To make a hole or divide material, paper, etc. xé; rách
517 telecast Telecast/Telecasted Telecast/Telecasted To broadcast on TV
518 tell Told Told To give somebody information kể ; bảo
519 test-drive Test-drove Test-driven To drive a car to test it before buying
520 test-fly Test-flew Test-flown To test a plane
521 think Thought Thought To have an opinion To use the brain suy nghĩ
522 thrive Throve/Thrived Thriven/Thrived To do very well because the circumstances or situation is right
523 throw Threw Thrown To cause an object to leave your hand in such a way that it travels through the air ném ; liệng
524 thrust Thrust Thrust To push with force thọc ;nhấn
525 thunderstrike Thunderstruck Thunderstruck/Thunders tricken To strike with lightning To shock
526 tine Tint/Tined Tint/Tined To shut
527 tread Trod Trodden To put your foot down giẫm ; đạp
528 troubleshoot Troubleshot Troubleshot To solve a problem
529 typecast Typecast Typecast To give an actor the same sort of role repeatedly
530 typeset Typeset Typeset To compose type for printing
531 typewrite Typewrote Typewritten To write with a typewriter
532 unbear Unbore Unborn/Unborne To remove a horse’s rein and straps
533 unbend Unbent Unbent To retore something to its original shape that has been distorted làm thẳng lại
534 unbind Unbound Unbound To set something free. To untie, remove ropes, chains, etc..
535 unbuild Unbuilt Unbuilt To demolish
536 unclothe Unclad/Unclothed Unclad/Unclothed To remove clothes
537 underbid Underbid Underbid/Underbidden To offer less money in an auction or sale
538 underbuy Underbought Underbought To buy for less than the real value
539 undercut Undercut Undercut To sell at a cheaper price than a competitor ra giá rẻ hơn
540 underdo Underdid Underdone To do less than necessary Not to cook enough
541 underfeed Underfed Underfed To give too little food to someone or an animal
542 undergird Undergirt/Undergirded Undergirt/Undergirded To make something secure underneath To give moral support
543 undergo Underwent Undergone To suffer or go through an unpleasant experience, such as surgery kinh qua
544 underlay Underlaid Underlaid To put underneath something
545 underlet Underlet Underlet To rent for less than the real value
546 underlie Underlay Underlain To be the real reason, meaning or idea behind something, usually hidden or not clear nằm dưới
547 underpay Underpaid Underpaid To pay someone too little or pay less than the price trả lương thấp
548 underrun Underran Underrun To pass or flow underneath something
549 undersell Undersold Undersold To sell at a lower price than a competitor bán rẻ hơn
550 undershoot Undershot Undershot To shoot too short Not to reach a traget
551 underspend Underspent Underspent To sepnd less money than allocated in the department or company’s budget
552 understand Understood Understood To know or come to know the meaning of something hiểu
553 undertake Undertook Undertaken To accept responsibility for doing something đảm nhận
554 underthrust Underthrust Underthrust To insert faulted rock under a passive rock mass
555 underwrite Underwrote Underwritten To accept part or all of a financial risk, especially insurance bảo hiểm
556 undo Undid Undone To ruin somebody’s reputation. To ‘open’ clothes or shoes before taking them off tháo ra
557 undraw Undrew Undrawn To open a curtain To withdraw
558 undraw Undrew Undrawn To open, draw back (curtains, etc)
559 unfreeze Unfroze Unfrozen To make assets availably for use To thaw something làm tan đông
560 unhang Unhung Unhung To remove something that is hanging
561 unhide Unhid Unhidden To expose something that was hidden
562 unhold Unheld Unheld To stop holding or not to hold
563 unknit Unknit/Unknitted Unknit/Unknitted To untie
564 unlade Unladed Unladen/Unladed To remove cargo, unload
565 unlay Unlaid Unlaid To untwist a rope
566 unlearn Unlearnt/Unlearned Unlearnt/Unlearned To try to forget or change a habit or something that had been learned
567 unmake Unmade Unmade To remove a decision
568 unreeve Unrove/Unreeved Unrove/Unreeved To remove a rope from a hook
569 unsay Unsaid Unsaid Not to say something. To take back something that you said
570 unsell Unsold Unsold To convince someone that something is worthless or false
571 unsew Unsewed Unsewn/Unsewed To undo someone sewed, remove the stitches
572 unsling Unslung Unslung To remove something held in a sling
573 unspeak Unspoke Unspoken To take back what has been said or not to say something
574 unspin Unspun Unspun To untwist or unravel
575 unstick Unstuck Unstuck To seperate things that have been stuck together. To take off
576 unstring Unstrung Unstrung To open something secured with string
577 unswear Unswore Unsworn To take back an oath
578 unteach Untaught Untaught To make someone forget something they have learned
579 unthink Unthought Unthought To remove something from your mind
580 untread Untrod Untrodden To tread back, retrace your steps
581 unweave Unwove Unwoven To undo things that have been woven together
582 unwind Unwound Unwound To relax tháo ra
583 unwrite Unwrote Unwritten To delete writing or not to write
584 upbuild Upbuilt Upbuilt To build up, develop on a large scale
585 uphold Upheld Upheld To support or confirm a decision ủng hộ
586 uppercut Uppercut Uppercut To punch upwards towards someone’s chin
587 uprise Uprose Uprisen To get up, stand up, move up To return from the dead
588 upset Upset Upset To make somebody unhappy or disturbed đánh đổ; lật đổ
589 upspring Upsprang Upsprung To jump or spring up
590 upsweep Upswept Upswept To sweep or brush upwards
591 uptear Uptore Uptorn To tear into pieces
592 vex Vext/Vexed Vext/Vexed To trouble or annoy
593 wake Woke Woken To stop sleeping and become conscious To make somebody stop sleeping thức giấc
594 waylay Waylaid Waylaid To wait for or to stop somebody to rob them mai phục
595 wear Wore Worn To have clothes on your body mặc
596 weave Wove Woven To make material dệt
597 wed Wed/Wedded Wed/Wedded To marry kết hôn
598 weep Wept Wept To cry heavily khóc
599 wend Wended/Went Wended/Went To go, make your way
600 wet Wet/Wetted Wet/Wetted To make something wet by applying a liquid to it làm ướt
601 whipsaw Whipsawed Whipsawn/Whipsawed To cut with whipsaw (a saw for two people) To victimise
602 win Won Won To be the best in a competition, game, election, etc. thắng ; chiến thắng
603 wind Wound Wound To turn something round to make a mechanical process operate quấn
604 winterfeed Winterfed Winterfed To feed cattle in the winter when they can’t graze
605 wiredraw Wiredrew Wiredrawn To make wire. To make something last a long time, especially speech
606 wit Wist Wist To know
607 withdraw Withdrew Withdrawn To remove money from a bank. To remove something from a place rút lui
608 withhold Withheld Withheld Not to let somebody have something từ khước
609 withstand Withstood Withstood To resist successfully cầm cự
610 wont Wont Wont/Wonted To be accustomed
611 work Worked/Wrought Worked/Wrought To make physical or mental effort to produce or achieve something rèn (sắt)
612 wrap Wrapped/Wrapt Wrapped/Wrapt To cover. To transport emotionally
613 wreak Wreaked Wreaked/Wroken To cause or make something happen
614 wring Wrung Wrung To put a lot of pressure on something to remove liquids vặn ; siết chặt
615 write Wrote Written To put words onto paper using a pen or pencil viết
616 zinc Zinced/Zincked Zinced/Zincked To coat or cover something with a layer of zinc





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